Bullying terminology you might want to know

On the occasion of the International Day Against Violence and Bullying at School including Cyberbullying on 5 November, we is sharing with you Bullying Terminology, extracted from Preventing and Addressing School-related Gender-based Violence in Vietnam (2016).


Repeated aggressive behaviour that intentionally inflicts injury or discomfort through physical contact, verbal attacks, fighting or psychological manipulation. Bullying involves an imbalance of power and can include teasing, taunting, and use of hurtful names, physical violence, or social exclusion. A bully can operate alone or within a group of peers. Bullying may be direct, such as one child demanding money or possessions from another, or indirect, such as a group of students spreading rumours.

Corporal punishment

Any punishment in which physical force is used and intended to cause some degree of pain or discomfort, however light.


Harassment through e-mail, cell phones, text messages, social media, or websites.


Any form of arbitrary distinction, exclusion, or restriction affecting a person, usually, but not only, by virtue of an inherent personal characteristic or perception of belonging to a particular group.

Gender based violence (GBV)

Violence that occurs as a result of normative role expectations associated with one’s gender and unequal power relationships between genders.

School related Gender based Violence

All forms of violence (explicit and symbolic forms of violence), including fear of violence, that occur in education contexts (including non-formal and formal contexts, such as school premises, on the journey to and from school, and in emergency and conflict settings) which result in, or are likely to result in, physical, sexual, or psychosocial harm of children (female, male, and transgender children and youth of all sexual orientations). SRGBV is based on stereotypes, roles, or norms, attributed to or expected of children because of their sex or gender identities.


Opinions or judgments held by individuals or society that negatively reflect a person or group. Discrimination occurs when stigma is acted on.

Forms of Bullying, extracted from Preventing and Addressing School-related Gender-based Violence in Vietnam (2016). Source: UNESCO Vietnam

Tu Pham