Including persons with disabilities in labour force can boost economy

Vietnam ratifyed ILO Convention 159 on Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment for Disabled Persons in 2019, further proving the country’s commitment to eliminating employment discrimination against persons with disabilities.

Equality of opportunity and treatment is a fundamental principle of social justice. Source: VNA

Under the convention, countries must modify or abolish existing laws, regulations and customs that constitute discrimination against persons with disabilities, among others. It also outlines action and policies at the national level to develop vocational rehabilitation and employment services for people with disabilities.

Some notable measures include providing vocational guidance, training and other related services to enable persons with disabilities to secure and retain employment, and ensuring they have access to rehabilitation counselors.

Equality of opportunity and treatment is a fundamental principle of social justice. The Vietnamese Government has recognised that ratifying ILO Convention 159 will enable Vietnam to continue aligning its legal framework with international labour standards to protect vulnerable worker groups.

This ratification is a further step to strengthen the country’s existing legal framework to support people with disabilities, which includes the 2010 Law on Persons with Disabilities, the 2012 National Action Plan to Support People with Disabilities to provide vocational training and jobs for 250,000 people with disabilities and the ratification of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in 2014.

Vietnam is continuing its commitment to equal opportunities for persons with disabilities as  Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc has signed a decision approving a support programme for 2021-2030.

The programme aims to promote the implementation of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and Vietnam's Law on Persons with Disabilities.

It is also meant to improve the quality of the lives for people with disabilities and enable them to participate equally in social activities, as well as build a barrier-free environment, ensure their legitimate rights and support them to make the best of themselves.

In 2026-2030, nearly 90 percent of persons with disabilities are expected to access medical services, while 90 percent of children with disabilities will be able to access education.

Close to 300,000 people in this vulnerable group will be supported with vocational training.

Pham Tu