Vietnam gains outstanding achievements in implementing gender equality in politics
The above information was given at the workshop “Promoting gender equality in the politics” co-organized by the Department of Gender Equality (The Ministry of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs) and Oxfam organization in Vietnam on September 22, At Hanoi.
According to the Department of Gender Equality, in the 2011-2020 period, the branches and localities have made efforts in building and implementing laws and policies on gender equality in general and gender equality in politics in particular. These outstanding achievements were highly valued by the international community. Notably, implementing gender equality in politics has obtained remarkable results.
The workshop “Promoting gender equality in the politics” Photo: Thanh Nien Newspaper
Specifically, for the first time, there are three female comrades who are appointed as members of the Politburo, accounting for 15.78%. The percentage of female members of the 14th National Assembly is 27.31%, an increase of 3.11% compared to the 13th term. For the first time, Vietnam has a National Assembly Chairwoman. The proportion of women in the National Assembly in Vietnam ranks 71 out of 193 countries, higher than the world average of 25%. The proportion of female members of the People's Council at all three levels of province, district, and commune for the 2016-2021 tenure also increased compared to 2010-2015 one.
Though, there is still a large gender gap in politics. The ratio of female leaders is low compared to the female labor force and does not commensurate with their potentiality.
In particular, the proportion of female leaders of the branches and localities is still very modest. The work of female cadres has not received substantial attention. Although some offices and units have carried out the plan, they have not trained and allocated the female staff. The difference in retirement age has been a barrier in the planning and appointment of female cadres. In addition, specific regulations on the responsibilities of the committees and authorities, especially one of the heads in implementing the tasks and targets on the work of female cadres in the Party's resolutions and directives, the law of the State have not been issued.
Tran Bich Loan - Deputy Director of the Department of Gender Equality said that the Ministry of Labor, Invalids, and Social Affairs has finalized the National Strategy draft on Gender Equality for the period of 2021-2030 to submit to the Government.
In the draft, the Ministry of Labor, Invalids, and Social Affairs establishes the target of increasing the participation of women in the positions of management and leadership in order to gradually narrow the gender gap in politics and prepare for the election in 2021. The three target s as followed:
Target 1: Maintaining the proportion of women participating in Party committees for the 2020-2025 term at least 15% or more at the provincial / district level and 20% or more at the grassroots level; regarding the 2025-2030 term, reaching 20% or more at the provincial / district level and 25% or more at the grassroots level. Besides, there are women in the standing committees.
Target 2: The rate of female representatives of the 15th National Assembly reaches 30% and the 16th term is 35%. The Standing Committee of Ethnic Minorities and Committees of the National Assembly include women. The proportion of female representatives of the People's Councils at all levels reaches 30% for the term of 2021-2026 and 35% for the term of 2026-2031.
Target 3: Reaching 60% by 2025 and 75% by 2030 of female leaders at the Party committees at the Central level, ministries, ministerial-level agencies, governmental agencies, socio-political organizations at the Central level as well as the local authorities.
In order to promote gender equality in the field of politics, Dr. Luong Thu Hien said that it is necessary to review the regulations of the Party and State on age, training, promotion, and appointment as well as identify the irrationalities and disadvantages of women when implementing these regulations to amend and supplement in accordance with the law on gender equality. Besides, building and implementing the project "Strengthening equal participation of women in leadership and management positions at all levels with a vision to 2030".
To do that, Dr. Le Thi Thu Hang, Deputy Director of Department V (Central Organizing Committee) proposed that localities, agencies, and units containing more than 30% of female employees must have the female leader. Meanwhile, those having vacancies left by female cadres retiring or being rotated must also be filled by female ones.