Vietnam participates in debate on UN Security Council Reform

The reform of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) should contribute further to upholding international law and negotiations must be conducted in good faith, with mutual respect and in an inclusive and transparent manner, said Vietnamese Ambassador Dang Dinh Quy, head of the Vietnamese mission to the UN.

Vietnamese Ambassador Dang Dinh Quy, head of the Vietnamese mission to the UN. Photo: VNA

The General Assembly concluded its debate on Security Council reform on November 17, with delegates calling for limits on the use of the veto by its permanent members and improved geographical distribution, particularly for Africa, on the 15‑member organ tasked with upholding international peace and security.

Addressing the 27th plenary meeting of the UN General Assembly on UNSC reform, Quy stressed Vietnam’s support for an increase in the number of UNSC permanent and non-permanent members in order to ensure fair representation of regional groups, especially for underrepresented groups and developing countries.

He underlined the need to take into account the role and contributions of countries in maintaining international peace and security when considering the selection of new members.

The intergovernmental negotiations (IGN) needs to focus on the UN's long-term goals and visions, he said, noting that the negotiations should be sincere and mutually respectful, and trying to find common ground to promote negotiations towards gaining extensive support on this important issue.

Participants to the event agreed that it is necessary to promote ING in order to speed up the reform of UNSC in a practical manner.

The reform of UNSC focuses on five clusters, including the question of the use of the veto power, categories of membership, regional representation, size and working methods, and the relationship between the UN General Assembly and UNSC.

The Assembly will reconvene on November 23, among other things, take action on a draft resolution on cooperation between the UN and regional and other organizations.  It will also consider a proposal from the Secretary‑General to extend the term of office of Filippo Grandi as the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.

Since its founding in 1945, the UNSC has undergone the first reform in 1965 with the number of non-permanent members increasing from six to 10. The UN General Assembly passed Resolution 47/62 to initiate discussion on the UNSC reform in 1998, and Decision No. 62/557 on IGN in 2008 to begin discussion in detail on this topic.

Huong Diu